Looking Both Ways
The Basics of CSA Basics
This post of Look Both Ways will research the basics of the CSA Basics. What exactly is CSA again? What exactly are these things called â€œBasicsâ€? How do your actions as a driver affect your Carriers CSA Basics? How do your Carrierâ€™s CSA Basics affect you as their driver?
I listened as one driver in the audience attempted to define CSA at the recent Expediters University workshop in Indianapolis. Not one other person even came close to being able to explain CSA. Kudos to that lady for her attempts. Many might think â€œWhy do I - a driver â€“ need to understand anything about this? That is what the company safety department is for â€“ it is their job to know and understand all these complex regulations and to answer my questions when I have them.â€ Unfortunately it is the professional driverâ€™s responsibility to read, understand and abide by all this technical stuff. Chances are you are asking questions after you are having problems or issues. Hopefully these blogs provide decent information on regulatory stuff in a quick and easy format.
CSA stands for Compliance, Safety and Accountability. It is an initiative associated with MAP-21 â€“ which stands for Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century. Weâ€™ll discuss MAP-21 at a later time.
In the April 12, 2013 blog I explained
that CSA is a FMCSA (Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration) program that is
NOT a set of new rules and regulations, but simply a new means of measuring
Carrier and Driver safety related
data derived from roadside inspections
crashes. For some time FMCSA
used only the SaferSys website to evaluate safety performance of Motor
Carriers. SaferSys displays only data on Out of Service violations discovered
during roadside inspections. These OOS violations are grouped by driver,
vehicle and hazmat. The Carrierâ€™s Out of Service violation percentages are
compared to the National Average percentages. See www.SaferSys.org The SMS (Safety
Measurement System) system within CSA looks at ALL violations - not just Out of
Service violations- discovered during roadside inspections and crashes. CSA
also includes Controlled Substance testing data. The new way of viewing safety data using CSA
Basics paints a more precise picture of safety violations at a particular carrier. Again, the regulations have not changed â€“
just the way violation data is viewed â€“ and the data we are discussing is the
violations discovered during roadside inspections of drivers and vehicles. CSA is just another â€œtoolâ€ for viewing data to
evaluate Carrier and driver safety performance.
THE 7 CSA BASICs:Unsafe Driving â€” Operation of commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) by drivers in a dangerous or careless manner. Example violations: Speeding, reckless driving, improper lane change, and inattention. (FMCSR Parts 392 and 397) Hours-of-Service (HOS) Compliance â€” Operation of CMVs by drivers who are ill, fatigued, or in non-compliance with the HOS regulations. This BASIC includes violations of regulations pertaining to records of duty status (RODS) as they relate to HOS requirements and the management of CMV driver fatigue Example violations: HOS RODS, and operating a CMV while ill or fatigued. (FMCSR Parts 392 and 395) Driver Fitness â€” Operation of CMVs by drivers who are unfit to operate a CMV due to lack of training, experience, or medical qualifications. Example violations: Failure to have a valid and appropriate commercial driverâ€™s license (CDL) and being medically unqualified to operate a CMV. (FMCSR Parts 383 and 391) Controlled Substances/Alcohol â€” Operation of CMVs by drivers who are impaired due to alcohol, illegal drugs, and misuse of prescription or over-the-counter medications. Example violations: Use or possession of controlled substances/alcohol. (FMCSR Parts 382 and 392) Vehicle Maintenance â€” Failure to properly maintain a CMV and/or properly prevent shifting loads. Example violations: Brakes, lights, and other mechanical defects, failure to make required repairs, and improper load securement. (FMCSR Parts 392, 393 and 396) Hazardous Materials (HM) Compliance â€” Unsafe handling of HM on a CMV. Example violations: Release of HM from package, no shipping papers (carrier), and no placards/markings when required. (FMCSR Part 397 and Hazardous Materials Regulations Parts 171, 172, 173, 177, 178, 179, and 180) Crash Indicator â€” Histories or patterns of high crash involvement, including frequency and severity. It is based on information from State-reported crashes.
Picture each CSA Basic as a â€œbucketâ€. Every trucking company owns 7 buckets â€“ one for each of the Basics. Every violation that is noted on any roadside inspection you receive by any state is dropped into that particular bucket owned by your Carrier company. So if you are pulled over for speeding and receive either a warning or a citation, that violation is deposited into the Unsafe Driving Basic bucket of the carrier you are leased onto. If you have a 14 hour rule violation noted on a roadside inspection then that violation will deposited into your Carrierâ€™s Hours of service basic bucket. Your actions as a driver are affecting your Carrierâ€™s CSA Basics. That violation is also negatively affecting your driverâ€™s PSP report.
So how do these CSA Basic scores of the
carrier you are leased to affect you the professional driver? The answer is the carrierâ€™s ISS score. The
higher the ISS score, the more likely you the driver will be pulled in for a
The Inspection Selection System (ISS) determines the likelihood a roadside inspector to stop the carrier companyâ€™s trucks for inspection. Some roadside inspections are based solely on random selection, but most are done as a result of the ISS score or recommendation. Most inspections are prompted by the officer's decision to inspect based on the ISS score information they receive when they type the truck's DOT number into their laptop. The ISS system will return a score and a recommendation based on the carrierâ€™s CSA scores and prior inspection information:
Â· Inspect: 75 â€“ 100
Â· Optional: 50 â€“ 74
Â· Pass: 1 â€“ 49
All drivers and vehicles operated by the Carrier contribute to the Carrierâ€™s ISS score. Think about this statement â€œA company â€œsafety cultureâ€ drives ISS scoresâ€. Professional drivers should desire to be with a Carrier that has low ISS scores and a good safety culture. It is probable that a company with a low ISS score is comprised of many professional drivers and very few rebels or non-compliant drivers. Other drivers â€“ your peers â€“ at your Carrier company affect how frequently you and your vehicle are inspected.
The ISS data on a carrier is not public knowledge. It is available to carriers through the COMPASS â€œPortal.â€ It is a great idea for Carrier companies to share their ISS score with their drivers, along with CSA Basics scores. Our company publishes our CSA basic scores and the ISS score on a monthly basis in our company newsletter. Drivers are enabled to focus on the companyâ€™s deficiencies and work towards better compliance in problem areas.
Disclaimer: This blog is NOT intended to give legal advice, nor be a substitute for any training required by the Regulations.
Till the next blog, Thank you drivers for all you do!. Please be safe!
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John Mueller, CDS, COSS